On March 31, 1943, 76 years ago the United States Army Air Forces accidentally bombed a residential area in Rotterdam close to shipyards and docks. The death toll was between 326 and 401 and made between 10,000 and 20,000 people homeless.
During Nazi Germany occupation of the Netherlands during the Second World War (1940–1945), Allied air forces carried out a number of operations over Rotterdam and the surrounding region. These included bombing strategic installations, leaflet dropping, and during the last week of the war, the dropping of emergency food supplies. At
At December 5th 1957 Indonesia declared the Dutch dangerous and urged them to leave the country. The day itself got the nickname Black Sinterklaas as Indonesia decided this at the traditional Dutch Sinterklaasfeest.